Lord Krishna & Jainism

(Published in February 2004 issue of ‘Jaina Voice’ a publication of WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM) Lord Krishna occupies a unique position in the Indian religious tradition. He embodies himself the luminous stature in the traditions of Jaina, Buddha and Vaishnava cults. Furthermore Krishna’s prehistoric relation with Jaina literature is blended with the core of his teachings and achievements. […]

US-Born Jains Make Ascetic Faith Fit Modern Life

The ancient Indian religion of Jainism, a close cousin of Buddhism, has often been a hard sell in the U.S. with a strict adherence to nonviolence that forbids eating meat, encourages days of fasting and places value on even the smallest of insects. Now younger Jains who resist the elaborate rituals of their parents, which […]


Journey to moksha legend of the hidden Jain temple

A view of Chaturmukha Basadi – Gerusoppe Gerusoppe (Uttarakannada District, Karnataka): Chaturmukha Basadi, the 14th century Jain basti is one of Karnataka’s architectural wonders, hidden in the midst of the Western Ghats in the Uttar Kannada District. Your journey will take you past mountain waterfalls and across the perilous rope bridges that hang over the […]

Parshvanath worshipped as Betal at Ramnagar

Keri (Karnataka): In Sitawada of Ramnagar village in the neighbouring state of Karnataka, on the Goa-Belgaum highway, Hindus worship the broken idol of Jain Tirthankar Parshvanath as the folk deity Betal. Recently, a new temple was constructed with the name of folk deity Betal. People in Ramnagar’s Sitawada and Aadali areas culturally and religiously worship […]

Enlightenment on an Intimate Scale

By James C. Ackerman Sixteen years after retiring from teaching, I visited India for a tour of Rajasthan and saw the Adinatha temple at Ranakpur, which transformed my perspective on Western architecture. Virtually every visible interior surface of this stone temple, save the floor, is devoted to sculpted representations of deities and mythical beings drawn […]

Toronto’s Jains build a ‘landmark’ temple

There are approximately eight million followers of the Jain religion worldwide – and close to 6,000 of them in Toronto – but it’s part of their ethos to keep a low profile. Now that’s about to change: For the first time, this community will have their own traditional temple in the city. And at 48,000 […]


During the times of 20th Tirthankara of Jainism, Lord Munisuvrata as a part of the Navaratri celebrations lot of animal sacrifice was practiced on the ashtamai day and the animals were offered to Goddess Durga as bali. This day was called as Durgashtami. This act of animal sacrifice was stopped by Lord Munisuvrata and special […]

Kshamavani Parva – Annual Forbearance Function

The ten-day celebrations pertaining to the ten universal supreme virtues culminate in the practical observance of the Annual Forbearance function. During these celebrations every Jain daily devotes most of his time in prayer and worship getting rid of the mundane duties of practical life. The celebrations extend from the 5th day of the bright half […]

Uttama Brahmacharya Dharma – Supreme Chastity

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj ‘The ills of life are cured, if you root out lust from your heart.’ Brahmacarya is a word with a very wide scope. It means maintaining sexual purity by assuming the strict aspect of celibacy. (Brahma) means soul, which is chaste, enlightened, eternal and blissful. To become fully engrossed in […]

Uttama Akinchanya Dharma – Supreme Non-Attachment

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj He, who abandons the evil thought of attachment to worldly objects, can alone give up possessions. Assuredly, the non-appearance of attachment and other passions in Ahimsa, and their appearance is ‘Himsa’. Na kinchan iti akinchana Not to have the least (Parigraha) attachment is known as Akinchanya (non-attachment). The word ‘akinchan‘ […]

Uttama Tyaga Dharma – Supreme Renunciation

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj ‘Renunciation of all possessions is Ahimsa; and appropriation of all possessions is Himsa’ The word ‘tyag’ is derived from the root ‘tyaj’ by the addition of the suffix ‘gham‘. The word renunciation means to cast aside, to give up, to get rid of, to discard and to leave. Some wise […]

Uttama Tapa Dharma -Supreme Austerities or Penance

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj ‘Penance is a cataract that washes away all blemishes and purges the soul of all karmic matter’ The word ‘tap’ (Penance or Austerity) is derived from the root ‘tap’ by the addition of the suffix ‘ach’. The word austerity conveys the sense – to vanquish the enemies of soul; heating […]

Uttama Samyama Dharma – Supreme Self-Restraint

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj ‘Self-restraint is the key to eternal happiness’ The word ‘Samyam’ is derived from the root ‘yam’ with preposition ‘sam‘ by the addition of suffix  ‘ap’.  The word ‘Samyam‘ has various meanings like check, restraint, control, prevention and mental concentration. Uttama Samyam i.e., Supreme self-restraint is one of the ten virtues […]

Uttama Satya Dharma – Supreme Truthfulness

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj Truth is the speech of inward purity.                                          – Sir Edwin Arnold The word ‘satya’ (truth) has been derived by the addition of the suffix ‘yat’ with the root ‘sat’ (satya) are prevalent in common use; e.g. truthful, real, genuine, honest, loyal, non-deceitful or truth speaking. “Satsu prshastaishu janaishu […]

Uttama Shaucha Dharma-Supreme Contentment / Purity

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj The word ‘Shauch‘ is a compound word derived by adding the suffix ‘anr‘ with the word ‘shuchi‘ to mean ‘shucherbhav shauchanam’. It means sacredness, cleanliness, to be pure, to be clean, to be spotless and to be non-greedy. The humanitarian approach to lessen the miseries of living beings is included […]

Uttama Arjava Dharma-Supreme Uprightness / Honesty

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj A renowned English poet writes about uprightness: A man of life upright Whose guiltless heart is free From all dishonest deeds, Or thoughts of vanity. The Hindi word ‘Arjava’ is a compound word framed by the addition of the suffix ‘anr’ with the root ‘riju’ i.e., riju + anr. The […]

Uttama Mardava Dharma – Supreme Tenderness

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj Compassion or supreme tenderness (Uttam Mardav) gets the second place amidst the ten tenets of Jainism. In the book ‘Sarvartha Siddhi’ the reverend Acharya Pujya Pad Swamy tells the meaning of compassion (Mardav); “Mridorbhavi mardvam” The feeling of humility or tenderness is compassion. Compassion (Mardav) is explained to mean:            “Jatyadimadaveshadbhimanabhavo […]

Uttama Kshama Dharma – Supreme Forgiveness

– Muni Sri Kamkumarnandi Maharaj The word ‘Kshama‘ is derived from the root by the addition of the suffix ang and tap. The word ‘Kshama‘ means patience, forbearance and pardon. “Kshama shatro ch mitre ch yatinamev bhushanam” (Hito) To pardon an enemy or a friend both, is the jewel of Yatis. “Kshama virasey bhushanam” – […]

Jain Monuments in peril

  The sculpture of a Jain Tirthankara on top of the Arittapatti hill near Melur. Illegal quarrying in Arittapatti has been suspended now. A bird’s-eye view from the Panchapandavar hillock at Keezhavalavu on the Melur-Tiruppattur road gives an idea of the threat posed by illegal quarrying to ancient monuments and archaeological sites. Private quarry operators […]

Bandora’s Jain Basti and Khandepar caves in peril

Bandora (Goa): Overgrown with shrubs on its structure and overshadowed by a few, neat villas adjacent, the 15th century Jain Basti in Bandora is crumbling from neglect and the onslaught of natural elements. Another pre-Portuguese monument, the caves at Khandepar, also in Ponda taluka, are tottering in similar decay. “This is the state of many […]

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